Urethral strictures have plagued men since antiquity, with etiologic evolution reflecting changes in population distribution, human diseases, occupational hazards, and environmental factors [1]. African urologists have contributed substantially to the advance in techniques of urethroplasty, notably Quartey [2] who sought to reconstruct long bulbar urethral strictures due to gonococcal urethritis, and El-Kasaby [3], a pioneer […]

  • Andropause

    The Facts Testosterone is the hormone responsible for deep voices, muscle mass, and facial and body hair patterns found in males. As men get older, the level of testosterone in the body and production of sperm gradually becomes lower, and they experience physical and psychological symptoms as a result of these low levels. This is […]

  • Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction

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    What is Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction? Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is when part of the kidney is blocked. Most often it is blocked at the renal pelvis. This is where the kidney attaches to one of the ureters (the tubes that carry urine to the bladder). The blockage slows or stops the flow of urine out […]


    Prostate cancer in detail Prostate cancer affects the prostate gland, the gland that produces some of the fluid in semen and plays a role in urine control in men. The prostate gland is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. In the India, it is the Second most common cancer in men, […]

  • Erectile dysfunction (ED)

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    Erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as impotence, is a type of sexual dysfunction characterized by the inability to develop or maintain an erection of the penis during sexual activity. Erectile dysfunction can have psychological consequences as it can be tied to relationship difficulties and self-image. A physical cause can be identified in about 80% of […]

  • Urinary Incontinence

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    What is urinary incontinence? Urinary incontinence is a common problem. Urinary incontinence is when a person cannot prevent urine from leaking out. It can be due to stress factors, such as coughing, it can happen during and after pregnancy, and it is more common with conditions such as obesity. The chances of it happening increase […]

  • Urethral Stricture

    What is urethral stricture? The urethra is a tube that carries urine from the bladder so it can be expelled from the body. Usually the urethra is wide enough for urine to flow freely through it. When the urethra narrows, it can restrict urinary flow. This is known as a urethral stricture. Urethral stricture is […]

  • Urinary Stone

    Important Facts and Overview » A kidney stone, also known as a renal calculus is a solid concretion or crystal aggregation formed in the kidneys from dietary minerals in the urine. » Urolithiasis is one of the most common diseases, with approximately 17.6% incidence in India. Although most patients have only one stone episode, 25% […]

  • Prostate

    Understanding the Prostate Gland: A Common Ageing Problem What is the prostate gland? The prostate is a walnut shaped gland surrounding the junction of the urinary bladder (balloon like organ that stores urine) and the urethra (tube that throws urine out through the penis). It is present in every male by birth. In adulthood, it […]

  • Direct Vision Internal Urethrotomy

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    Direct vision internal urethrotomy (DVIU) is surgery to repair a narrowed section of the urethra. This is referred to as a stricture. The urethra is the tube through which urine passes from the bladder to the outside of the body. Reasons for Procedure 1. Urethral stricture is due to scarring of the urethra. This 2. […]

  • Mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy in the treatment of renal and upper ureteral stones

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    PCNL is a well-established treatment option for patients with large and complex renal calculi. In order to decrease morbidity associated with larger instruments like blood loss, postoperative pain and potential renal damage, a modification of the technique of standard PCNL has been developed. This is performed with a miniature endoscope via a small percutaneous tract […]

  • Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate (HoLEP)

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    Holmium Laser Enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) is a modern alternative to the standard Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP) procedure for bladder outflow obstruction due to BPH. It requires a short period of hospitalisation and an anaesthetic. HoLEP can be performed on men of any age with urinary outflow obstruction caused by an enlarged […]

  • Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty

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    Laparoscopic Pyeloplasty provides patients with a safe and effective way to perform reconstructive surgery of a narrowing or scarring where the ureter (the tube that drains urine from the kidney to the bladder) attaches to the kidney through a minimally invasive procedure. This operation is used to correct a blockage or narrowing of the ureter […]

  • An Overview of Ureteroscopy and Flexible Uretero-Renoscopy

    A special telescope is passed through the urethra, bladder, and into the ureter to the stone or to view the area of interest. The telescope may be rigid or flexible. The procedure is usually performed under general anaesthesia. A stone breaker, grasper or laseris passed up the ureteroscope to perform the procedure. This is a […]